This article highlights the significance of the last verses of Surah Aal-e-Imran. In a hadith that Ibn Marduwyah recorded, Ataa said, “I, Ibn Umar and Ubayd bin Umayr went to Aishah and entered her room, and there was a screen between us and her. She said, ‘O Ubayd! What prevents you from visiting us’ He said, `What the poet said, `Visit every once in a while, and you will be loved more.’
Ibn Umar said, `Tell us about the most unusual thing you witnessed from the Messenger of Allah.’
She cried and said, `All his matters were amazing. One night, he came close to me until his skin touched my skin and said, `Let me worship my Lord.’ I said, `By Allah I love your being close to me. I also love that you worship your Lord.’ He used the water and performed ablution, but did not use too much water. He then stood up in prayer and cried until his beard became wet. He prostrated and cried until he made the ground wet. He then laid down on his side and cried. When Bilal came to alert the Prophet for the Dawn prayer, he said, `O Messenger of Allah! What makes you cry, while Allah has forgiven you your previous and latter sins’. He (s.a.w.s) said,
(O Bilal! What prevents me from crying, when this night, this Ayah was revealed to me,)
“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.” (Surah Aal-e-Imran:190)
He then said:
“Woe to he who recites it but does not contemplate it’s (meaning).”
About the term “Uli Al-baab” (men of understanding) in the verse, it refers to the intelligent and sound minds that contemplate about the true reality of things, unlike the deaf and mute who do not have sound comprehension. Allah said about the latter type in the Quran,
“And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth they pass by, while they are averse there from.” Surah Yousuf (105).
Allah then describes those who have good minds in the verse that follows in Surah Aal-e-Imran: (Surah Aal-e-Imran Arabic English Translation)
“Those who remember Allah standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord! You have not created this without purpose, glory to You! Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.”
In a related authentic report that was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), that the prophet (s.a.w.s.) stayed one night with Maymoonah, the Mother of the Believers, who was his maternal aunt. He said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) slept until halfway through the night, or just before or after that. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) then woke up and started wiping the sleep from his face with his hand. Then he recited the last ten verses of Surah Aal Imran, then he got up and went to a water skin that was hanging there, and did wudu (ablution) from it and did it well, then he stood and prayed.
Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “This indicates that it is mustahabb (desirable) to recite these (ten) verses when getting up from sleep.”
- Al-Nawawi’s interpretation on the hadith mentioned above was that it is mustahabb (desirable) to recite the last (ten) verses of Surah Aal-e-Imran when getting up from sleep.
- There is no saheeh hadeeth (authentic report) from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) which would indicate that the one who recites the last ten verses of Surah Al ‘Imran will have recorded for him the reward of spending the night in worship (as is mistakenly thought by some.) (islamqa.info)
- When verse number 190 of the Surah was revealed on the prophet (s.a.w.s), it had a considerable effect on him and we should strive to ponder on that verse and on the rest of the Quran verses as well.
References: Tafsir Ibn Kathir / islamqa.info / Noble Quran. You can read the full Surah here.