Surah Rahman, the fifty-fifth chapter of the Quran, begins with the powerful invocation of Allah as “The Most Beneficent.” The Surah beautifully highlights the blessings and favors bestowed upon humanity by Allah, reminding us to reflect upon His bounties and express gratitude for His mercy.
The Surah starts by acknowledging that it is Allah’s mercy that has granted mankind the ability to comprehend and understand the Quran. It emphasizes that Allah is the Creator of man and has blessed humanity with the gift of eloquent speech.
Verses 5 to 7 draw our attention to the order and harmony in the universe. The sun and the moon follow their fixed courses, while the herbs and trees prostrate before Allah. The Surah emphasizes that Allah has raised the heavens high and established a perfect balance in the universe, ensuring that everything functions in harmony.
Continuing with the theme of balance, verses 8 and 9 urge mankind to observe justice and equity and not to transgress the prescribed limits set by Allah. The Surah emphasizes the importance of maintaining balance and fairness in all aspects of life.
Verses 10 to 14 highlight the blessings of Allah’s creation on Earth. Allah has provided fertile land with abundant fruits, date-palms, corn, and other plants for sustenance and enjoyment. The Surah poses a rhetorical question, asking which of the blessings of the Lord will mankind deny.
The Surah also mentions the creation of jinns from smokeless fire, further emphasizing the diversity of Allah’s creation. It reminds us that Allah is the Lord of all directions and has complete authority over the heavens and the earth.
Verses 19 to 25 highlight the remarkable barrier that separates the saltwater and freshwater in the seas. Allah’s creation of pearls, coral, and the mighty ships that sail the seas is mentioned as further evidence of His blessings and power.
The Surah continues to draw attention to the transience of worldly life and the eternal nature of Allah. It reminds mankind that every day Allah has matters to bring forth, and no one in the heavens or on earth can fulfill their needs without seeking Allah’s help.
Verses 33 to 36 address the assembly of jinns and humans, emphasizing that neither can surpass the limits set by Allah without His authority. The Surah warns that those who deny the blessings and signs of Allah will face consequences and be unable to defend themselves.
The Surah concludes by describing the Day of Judgment, when faces will be known and sins will be accounted for. It reminds us that Paradise awaits those who fear standing before their Lord, while Hell is the fate of those who deny the truth.
In summary, Surah Rahman highlights the abundant blessings and favors bestowed upon humanity by Allah. It emphasizes the importance of recognizing and appreciating these blessings, observing justice, and acknowledging the authority and power of Allah. The Surah serves as a reminder to express gratitude, seek His mercy, and prepare for the Day of Judgment.
See Surah Ar-Rahman here.