Zarqa, Jordan – Islamic History, Architecture, and Culture |

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Zarqa, Jordan – Islamic History, Architecture, and Culture


Zarqa is the fifth largest city in Jordan, located northeast of the capital Amman. It has a rich Islamic history, architecture, and culture, which have contributed to the city’s identity and heritage. This essay will explore Zarqa’s Islamic history, architecture, and culture.

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Islam arrived in Zarqa during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, and it quickly spread throughout the city. During the early Islamic period, Zarqa became a hub for trade and commerce, which led to the city’s growth and prosperity.

In the 19th century, Zarqa played a significant role in the Great Arab Revolt, which led to the end of Ottoman rule in the Middle East. The city was a strategic location for Arab forces, and it was used as a base for military operations against the Ottomans.


The architecture of Zarqa is diverse, reflecting the city’s long and complex history. Islamic architecture is one of the most prominent styles in the city, with several notable examples.

One such example is the Abu Bakr al-Siddiq Mosque, which is located in the city center. This mosque is one of the largest in Zarqa and features a traditional Islamic design, with a large central dome, minarets, and a prayer hall decorated with intricate tile work and calligraphy.

Another example of Islamic architecture in Zarqa is the Zarqa Palace, which was built in the early 20th century. This palace is known for its Islamic geometric patterns and features a mix of Ottoman and European architectural styles.


Islam has had a significant impact on the culture of Zarqa. The city’s residents observe religious practices, such as daily prayers, fasting during Ramadan, and giving alms to the poor. The city also celebrates Islamic holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, which are marked by feasting, prayer, and family gatherings.

Islamic culture has also influenced Zarqa’s cuisine. Muslim dishes, such as mansaf (a traditional Jordanian dish made with lamb and yogurt), maqluba (an upside-down rice and vegetable dish), and kanafeh (a sweet cheese pastry), are popular in the city’s restaurants and homes. These dishes are often made with traditional spices, such as cumin and cardamom, which give them a distinct flavor.

In addition to cuisine, Islamic culture has also influenced Zarqa’s music and art. Islamic music, such as the adhan (Islamic call to prayer) and Islamic nasheed (devotional songs), are popular in the city, and many local artists incorporate Islamic themes and motifs into their work.


In conclusion, Zarqa’s Islamic history, architecture, and culture are important parts of the city’s identity and heritage. The city’s mosques and other Islamic buildings reflect the rich architectural traditions of Islam, while its cuisine, music, and art reflect the cultural influence of the religion. Zarqa’s Islamic heritage is a testament to the diversity and richness of Jordan’s history and culture.

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