Jounieh, Lebanon – Islamic History, Architecture, and Culture |

Jounieh, Lebanon – Islamic History, Architecture, and Culture


Jounieh is a coastal city in Lebanon that has been a center of Islamic culture and history for centuries. The city boasts of several remarkable Islamic structures, a rich cultural heritage, and a beautiful landscape. This essay explores Jounieh’s Islamic history, architecture, and culture.

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Jounieh has a fascinating Islamic history dating back to the Arab conquest of the Levant region in the 7th century. The city was a significant center for Islamic scholarship and played a vital role in spreading Islam throughout the region. During the Ottoman era, Jounieh was an important trading center, and many wealthy merchants settled in the city.


Jounieh’s Islamic architecture is a blend of Ottoman and Lebanese styles. The city has several impressive structures, including mosques, mausoleums, and palaces. One of the most prominent structures is the Harissa Mosque, which is located on the Harissa hill overlooking the city. The mosque’s distinctive dome and minaret are visible from miles away and are a landmark of Jounieh’s skyline.

Another notable structure is the Saydet El Talleh Mausoleum, which is located on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. The mausoleum is a significant religious site for the Shia Muslims and is visited by pilgrims from around the world. The mausoleum’s dome is adorned with intricate Islamic calligraphy and geometric patterns, and the interior is decorated with beautiful marble.

Jounieh is also home to several Ottoman-style palaces that were built during the Ottoman era. The Palais Chehab is one such palace, which was built in the 19th century and served as the residence of the Chehab family, who were prominent Ottoman-era governors. The palace’s architecture reflects a blend of Ottoman and European styles and features a beautiful courtyard and impressive reception rooms.


Jounieh’s culture is a blend of various influences, including Islamic, Phoenician, Greek, and Roman. The city has a vibrant arts and music scene and is home to several cultural events throughout the year. The Jounieh International Festival is a popular event that features a range of cultural performances, including music, dance, and theater.

The city is also famous for its delicious cuisine, which features a blend of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern flavors. The seafood is a particular highlight, and many traditional dishes feature fish and shellfish. Some of the must-try dishes include Kibbeh Nayeh, a raw meat dish, and Fattoush, a salad made with fresh vegetables and pita bread.

Jounieh’s natural beauty is another attraction for visitors. The city’s location on the Mediterranean coast and its proximity to the mountains make it an ideal destination for outdoor activities such as hiking, swimming, and skiing.


In conclusion, Jounieh is a beautiful city with a rich Islamic history, impressive architecture, and a vibrant culture. Its mosques, mausoleums, and palaces reflect the city’s diverse cultural heritage, while its arts and music scene and delicious cuisine make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the Islamic world. Jounieh is a city that has been shaped by numerous civilizations and continues to be a vital center of culture and scholarship in the Middle East.

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