AMMAN, JORDAN: ISLAMIC HISTORY, ARCHITECTURE, AND CULTURE
Amman is the capital city of Jordan, and it has a rich Islamic history that spans back to the 7th century. This essay will explore the city’s Islamic history, architecture, and culture.
ISLAMIC HISTORY IN AMMAN:
Islam arrived in Amman during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, and it quickly spread throughout the city. During the early Islamic period, Amman became a hub for trade and commerce, which led to the city’s growth and prosperity.
In the 13th century, Amman fell under the control of the Mamluk Sultanate, which resulted in the construction of several Islamic monuments and buildings. The city continued to thrive during the Ottoman period, with many notable mosques and public works being built during this time.
ARCHITECTURE OF AMMAN:
The architecture of Amman is diverse, reflecting the city’s long and complex history. Islamic architecture is one of the most prominent styles in the city, with several notable examples.
One such example is the King Abdullah I Mosque, which is located in the city center. This mosque is one of the largest in Jordan and features a traditional Islamic design, with a large central dome, minarets, and a prayer hall decorated with intricate tile work and calligraphy.
Another example of Islamic architecture in Amman is the Qasr al-Mushatta, which is located just outside the city. This Umayyad palace was built in the 8th century and is known for its ornate stone carvings and Islamic geometric patterns.
CULTURE OF AMMAN:
Islam has had a significant impact on the culture of Amman. The city’s residents observe religious practices, such as daily prayers, fasting during Ramadan, and giving alms to the poor. The city also celebrates Islamic holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, which are marked by feasting, prayer, and family gatherings.
Islamic culture has also influenced Amman’s cuisine. Muslim dishes, such as mansaf (a traditional Jordanian dish made with lamb and yogurt), maqluba (an upside-down rice and vegetable dish), and kanafeh (a sweet cheese pastry), are popular in the city’s restaurants and homes. These dishes are often made with traditional spices, such as cumin and cardamom, which give them a distinct flavor.
In addition to cuisine, Islamic culture has also influenced Amman’s music and art. Islamic music, such as the adhan (Islamic call to prayer) and Islamic nasheed (devotional songs), are popular in the city, and many local artists incorporate Islamic themes and motifs into their work.
In conclusion, Amman’s Islamic history, architecture, and culture are important parts of the city’s identity and heritage. The city’s mosques and other Islamic buildings reflect the rich architectural traditions of Islam, while its cuisine, music, and art reflect the cultural influence of the religion. Amman’s Islamic heritage is a testament to the diversity and richness of Jordan’s history and culture.
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