The following elaborate matters related to siwaak and brushing teeth in fasting.
Islamic guidelines encourage siwaak as a habit.
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Were it not that it would cause hardship to my ummah, I would have commanded them to use the siwaak for every prayer.” al-Bukhari (887) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him)
al-Nasaa’i narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The siwaak purifies the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.” Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 5; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, 5.
Al-Mutawalli and others said: When the fasting person rinses his mouth, he has to spit out the water; he does not have to dry out his mouth using a cloth or the like. There is no difference of scholarly opinion on this point. Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (6/327)
Al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) said that Abu Hurayrah said, narrating from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “Were it not that it would cause hardship for my ummah, I would have commanded them to use the siwaak for every wudoo’.” Al-Bukhari said: There is no difference between one who is fasting and one who is not. ‘Aa’ishah said, narrating from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “The siwaak purifies the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.” ‘Ata’ and Qutaadah said: he may swallow his saliva.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: The correct view is that use of the siwaak by one who is fasting is Sunnah at the beginning and at the end of the day. Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam, p. 468
The siwaak is Sunnah for one who is fasting throughout the day, even if it is fresh. If a person uses the siwaak whilst fasting and finds that he can taste it, and he swallows it or spits it out from his mouth and there is saliva on it, then he swallows it, that does not affect him. Al-Fataawa al-Sa’diyyah, 245.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: As for the miswaak, it is permissible and there is no difference of opinion concerning that. But they differed as to whether it is makrooh (undesirable) after the sun has passed the meridian, and there are two well known views, both of which were narrated from Ahmad. But there is no shar’i evidence suggesting this to be makrooh which can be regarded as an exception from the general meaning of the texts about the miswaak.” From al-Fataawa al-Kubra (2/474).
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on using toothpaste when fasting? He replied: “Cleaning the teeth with toothpaste does not break the fast as is the case with the miswaak. But one should be careful to avoid letting any of it reach his throat, but if that happens accidentally then he does not have to make up the fast.” From Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/260).
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to al-Laqeet ibn Saburah: “Do wudoo’ well and make the water go between your fingers, and be thorough in rinsing the nose, unless you are fasting.” So he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told him to do wudoo’ well then he said: “…and be thorough in rinsing the nose, unless you are fasting.”
This indicates that the fasting person may rinse his mouth and nose, but he should not be too thorough in doing so lest the water reach his throat. As for rinsing the nose and mouth, they are essential when doing wudoo’ and ghusl, because they are obligatory parts of those actions, whether one is fasting or not.” Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him)
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