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Letter of Prophet Muhammad to Negus (Najashi) Calling him to Islam

Prophet Muhammad’s Inviting Rulers to Islam

Late in the six year A.H., on his return from Hudaibiyah, the Prophet Muhammad , decided to send messages to the kings beyond Arabia calling them to Islam. In order to authenticate the credentials of his envoys, a silver seal was made in which were graven the words: “Muhammad the Messenger of Allâh” [Sahih Al-Bukhari 2/872,873]

Prophet Muhammad’s Inviting Negus (Najashi)to Islam

The following letter was sent to Negus (Najashi)

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“In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

From Muhammad the Messenger of Allah to Negus, king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

Peace be upon him who follows true guidance. Salutations:

I entertain Allah’s praise, there is no god but He, the Sovereign, the Holy, the Source of peace, the Giver of peace, the Guardian of faith, the Preserver of safety. I bear witness that Jesus, the son of Mary, is the spirit of Allah and His Word which He cast into Mary, the virgin, the good, the pure, so that she conceived Jesus. Allah created him from His spirit and His breathing as He created Adam by His Hand. I call you to Allah Alone with no associate and to His obedience and to follow me and to believe in that which came to me, for I am the Messenger of Allah. I invite you and your men to Allah, the Glorious, the All-Mighty. I hereby bear witness that I have communicated my message and advice. I invite you to listen and accept my advice.

Peace be upon him who follows true guidance.”

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When ‘Amr bin Omaiyah Ad-Damari communicated the prophet’s letter to Negus (Najashi), the latter took the parchment and placed it on his eye, descended to the floor, confessed his faith in Islam and wrote the following reply to the Prophet :

“In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

From Negus Ashama to Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.

Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah! and mercy and blessing from Allah beside Whom there is no god. I have received your letter in which you have mentioned about Jesus and by the Lord of heaven and earth, Jesus is not more than what you say. We fully acknowledge that with which you have been sent to us and we have entertained your cousin and his companions. I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah, true and confirming (those who have gone before you), I pledge to you through your cousin and surrender myself through him to the Lord of the worlds.”

Source: [Za’d Al-Ma’ad 3/60, 61] by Ibn Al-Qayyim

According to Sahih Muslim, the Prophet [s.a.w.s.] had asked Najashi to send Ja‘far and his companions, the emigrants to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), back home. They came back to see the Prophet [s.a.w.s.] in Khaibar. Najashi later died in Rajab 9 A.H. shortly after the battle of Tabuk. The Prophet announced his death and observed prayer in absentia for him. Another king succeeded Negus to the throne and another letter was sent to him by the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) but whether or not he embraced Islam is still a question not answered yet. [Sahih Muslim 2/99]

— End

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10 comments… add one
  • Bala Boyi Bukata

    Assalamu alaikum brothers in Islam. May Allah (SWT) reward you with highest rank in Jannatul Firdaus for sharing this most blessed piece of information together with all those who read and share it.

  • fatima musa

    Hmmmm wonderful!!! may Allah bless islam, muhammad S A W and his companions.

  • arif chishti

    JAZAKALLAH KHAIR. A VALUABLE DOCUMENT IN THE HISTORY OF ISLAM.
    WITH REGARDS
    ARIF CHISHTI

  • Abdullahi

    What a wonderful islamic history. May Almighty Allah reward you.

  • Muhammad Jamil Abdullahi Yayu

    Allahu akbar! Jazakallahu khairan. May Allah continued to blessed our beloved prophet (S.A.W). And kalimatush shahadah be our last word. Amin

  • Alveera

    ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM WARAHMATULLAH WABARAKATUHU
    SUBHAN ALLAH !
    ALHAMDULILAHI RABBIL ALAMEEN! ,no words to thank ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA for HIS favour on us ,that MASHA ALLAH we all are muslims.May ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA sends abundant blessings and peace on NABE KAREEM SALAL LAHO ALAIHE WASSALAM,all the messengers,belivers of their families,companion of Rasul Ullah Salal Laho Alaihe Wassalam and all the believers Aameen.
    Jazak Allahu Khairan!May ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA bless all of you with best reward in this world and much more hereafter Aameen.May ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA give each one of us successful life in this world and hereafter Aameen.
    ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM WARAHMATULAH WABARAKATUHU

  • Ali

    may Allah blessed our prophet Muhammad (saw)
    Amin

  • Mariam Goodur

    Masha Allah, this is an evidence that the Prophet of Islam (SAW), did not use force but convincing arguments which lead to the reversion of King Negus and many others. Jazak Allah

  • Abdullahi Salihu

    Very educative in history of Islam. May Allah rewards in abundant and accept it as part of ibahdat.

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