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Abu-Bakr As-Siddeeq (the Man of Truth) – The First Caliph of Islam

Allah Light bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem

Abu-Bakr’s (Radi Allahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) name was Abdullah ibn ‘Uthman ibn ‘Amir and he was from the tribe of Quraish. He was also known as Abdullah bin Abu Qahafa. Ibn Kathir mentions in his books “The order and Refinement of the Beginning and the End, by Ibn Kathir, p. 17”, “the first to accept Islam from outside the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)’s family, he was tolerant, patient and strong-willed. He was also generous, brave, firm and had sound opinions in grave situations. His trust in Allah and confidence in Allah’s promise was absolute. He was pious, away from suspicions, an ascetic in this worldly life, desiring for what is with Allah. He was an intimate companion of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).”

Abu Bakr’s characteristics

The embracing of Islam by Abu Bakr (RAA) benefitted Muslims immensely as many celebrities followed this great scholar’s lead, such as Abdul Rahman ibn Auf, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqas, ‘Uthmân ibn Affân, az-Zubair ibn al-Awwâm, and Talha ibn ‘Ubeidu-Allah. On the day he embraced Islam, he had forty thousand dirhams which he spent in the way of Allah.

(See Ansar and Muhajireen selection of the first Islamic caliph)

Ibn Al-Jawzi said, “The natural disposition of Abu Bakr is well-known through his piety, fear (of Allah), asceticism, and modesty. Before becoming the caliph, he used to milk the sheep of the neighborhood; one morning, after he was acknowledged as Caliph he was walking in the market. A young woman from the neighborhood said, ‘Now he will not milk our animals,’ upon which he said, ‘Nay, I will certainly milk your animals for you. I wish that this matter I went through will not change me.’ (At-Tabsirah [the Enlightenment] 1/400)

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Ash-Shu’abi, (may Allah have mercy on him), said, “Allah Almighty has singled out Abu Bakr with (the following) four characteristics that no one else had.

  1. He, the Almighty, has called him As-Siddîq and no one other than him was named that.
  2. He was the companion of the Messenger of Allah (s) in the cave (during the migration journey).
  3. He was his companion in the migration journey.
  4. During the time of the prophet, he (s) ordered him to lead the prayers and the Muslims were there, witnessing and present.”

In the cause of Allah, he manumitted a number of oppressed slaves who were being tortured such as Bilal. Al-Hakim reported from al-Mussayyib that, “Abu Bakr was like a counselor to the Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), who used to confer with him in all matters. He was his second man in embracing Islam, his second in the cave, his second in the arbor during the battle of Badr and his second to go to the grave (die). The Messenger of Allah, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), has never brought any man ahead of him.” (The History of the Caliphs by As-Sayûti, p. 56) (Also, see Start of the Islamic Caliphate)

Abu Bakr’s commitment in spending in the cause of Allah

Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “One day, the Messenger of Allah, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), commanded us to give charity. I had some property, so I said, ‘Today I shall surpass Abu Bakr if I surpass him any day.’ I, therefore, brought half of my property. The Messenger of Allah, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), asked, ‘What have you left for your family?’ I replied, ‘The same amount.’ Abu Bakr brought all that he had with him. The Messenger of Allah asked him, ‘What have you left for your family?’ He replied, ‘I have left Allah and His Messenger for them.’ I said, ‘I shall never compete with him in anything.’“ [Reported by Abu Dawud 1678 and at-Tirmidhi 3675. Al-Albani considered it good.]

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Abu Bakr’s mention in the Quran

Ibn Al-Jawzi has says that there is a unanimous agreement that the following verses from The Quran are revealed about Abu Bakr (RAA):

    • And Al-Muttaqoon (the pious and righteous) will be far removed from it (Hell). (verse 17)
    • He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification, (verse 18)
    • And have in his mind no favor from anyone for which a reward is expected in return, (verse 19)
    • Except only the desire to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High; (verse 20)
    • He surely will be pleased (when he will enter Paradise). (verse 21)

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[Quran, Surah Al-Layl]

If you help him (Muhammad SAW) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad SAW and Abu Bakr) were in the cave, and he (SAW) said to his companion (Abu Bakr): “Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His Sakeenah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

Abu Bakr’s mention in the Hadith of the prophet (s)

The following are some of the hadith of the prophet (s) where he (s) praised Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq.

  • Amr ibn al-’As, (RAA), narrated that he asked the Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), “Who is the most beloved person to you?” He said, ‘Aisha.’ I asked, “Among the men?” He said, ‘Her father.’“ [Agreed upon]
  • Abu Said al-Khudri, (RAA), narrated that the prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, said, “There is no one who has done more favor to me with his life and property than Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa. If I were to take a Khalil (very close friend), I would certainly have taken Abu Bakr as one but the Islamic brotherhood is superior. Close all the small doors in this mosque except for that of Abu Bakr.” [Agreed upon]
  • Abu Hurairah, (RAA), narrated that the Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), said, “Whoever gives two kinds (of things or property) in charity for Allah’s Cause, will be called from the gates of Paradise and will be addressed, ‘O slaves of Allah! Here is prosperity.’ So, whoever was amongst the people who used to offer prayers, will be called from the gate of the prayer; and whoever was amongst the people who used to participate in Jihad, will be called from the gate of Jihad; and whoever was amongst those who used to observe fasts, will be called from the gate of Ar-Raiyan; whoever was amongst those who used to give in charity, will be called from the gate of charity.” Abu Bakr said, “Let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah! No distress or need will befall him who will be called from those gates. Will there be any one who will be called from all these gates?” The Prophet replied, “Yes, and I hope you will be one of them.” [Agreed upon]
  • Anas (RAA) said, “The Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), ascended the mountain of Uhud and he was accompanied by Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. The mountain shook beneath them. The Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) , hit it with his foot and said, “O Uhud! Be firm, for on you there is none but a Prophet, a Siddîq and two martyrs”. [Reported by al-Bukhari 3686] (see Uthman Ibn Affan and Banu Umayyah)
  • Jubair ibn Mutim narrated that a woman came to the Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), who instructed her to return to him again. She said, “What if I came and did not find you?” as if she wanted to ask, “If I found you dead?” The Prophet said, “If you should not find me, go to Abu Bakr.” [Agreed upon]
  • Abu Mûsa al-Ash’ari (RAA) said, “The Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), became very sick so he said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.’“ [Agreed upon]
  • Ali, (RAA), said, “The best people after the Messenger of Allah are Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. Loving me and hating Abu Bakr and ‘Umar do not gather in the heart of a believer.” [Reported by at-Tabarani in Al-Awsat (the Middle)]. Ibn Al-Qayyim, therefore, said, “It is sufficient for us to abide by the words of Ali (RAA). We have accepted for our world what the Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has accepted for our religion. (The Benefits by Ibn al-Qayyim, pp. 111-112)”

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  • Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “Who has observed fast among you today?” Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, replied, “It is I.” He (the Prophet) said, “Who among you followed a funeral today?” Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, replied, “It is I.” He (again) said, “Who among you visited an ill person today?” Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “It is I.” Upon this the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, said, “Anyone in whom these good deeds are combined will certainly enter paradise.“ [Reported by Muslim 1028]

— End

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30 comments… add one
  • Sani aliyu

    Allahu akbar

  • Maashaallah.
    JazakAllah Khayr : ???? ????? ??????
    “Allah will reward you [with] goodness.”

  • Sameena

    MashaAllah, what an excellent example of true Faith we find in the words ‘I have left Allah and His Messenger for them.’ We need such constant reminders to assure ourselves that with Allah (SWT)as our Protector we need not fear the trials of life. May Allah make our Faith strong and May He Direct our focus on the gains of the hereafter – Aameen!

  • Hanafi

    alhamdu lillah. Maashallah.
    May Allah strengthen our iman to that of the greatest companion Abubakar Sadeeq.

  • MUSTAPHA BASHIR

    May Almighty ALLAH give us the strength to follow the footsteps of the the past righteous and pious men like Abubakar and others.

  • Salamatu

    May Allah put us in his shoe. Ameen

  • Allahu akbar, prayers and peace of Allah be upon Abubakar, how great he was, if all Muslims take him as our role model we would have led the whole mankind as the companions of the prophet took control of the world in thier time. May Allah(SW) make us follow thir foot steps. Aamin, Aamin.

  • khalid

    Beautifull, may allah strenghten our iman and guide us to paradise

  • Adamu Kaina

    Yaaah Salaaaaaaaaaaaaam! Salawaatullahi ala rasulihil kareem wa alaa aalihi, wa sahbihi wa sallim. May Allah(swt)reward you for the enlightenmenet and may HE(swt) make it possible for us to learn from the messages.

  • Asalam Alaikum wa Rahmatullah,
    It is a very excellent article about true Faith. We all Muslims need for such kinds of reminders to strengthen our Iman and be assure that Allah (SWT) is with us. He is our Protector in all circumstances of here and hereafter.
    Aameen!

  • Ayisha

    Jazakallahumma khairan, Alhamdulillah hi Rabbilaalameen. Strong article. Feeling guilty about myself thinking that where am I standing among the ummath of Rasoolullah. Thanks

  • aoa-i have come across a wonderful site on islam— in the present era when the non -islamic media across the world have been spreading dis-informattion on islam–i cordially congratulate the sponsors of the said islamic site as they they have taken up a colossal task of bringing the people from the deep darkness to the spiritual and eternal light of islam for an eternal life after this ephemeral life–may Almighty bless you all who are promoting a very very holy mission in the way of Allah.

  • Muslim

    Mashallah/…. May allah give us the patience as same like our Prophet, (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and all the Guided Caliphs and the companions. Ameen . Summa Ameen

  • Abdu salam

    Excellent. May Allah(swa) let us follow their steps. May Allah(swa) be pleased upon them, ourselves and all those who have accepted Islam for their religeon. Ameen

  • Assalamu alaikum.
    Very excellent article on one of the most beloved companions of holy prophet (PBUH) May Allah reward you and us to learn from the life of prophet and his companions. Jazakallh kharun.

  • May the blessing of Allah Be upon Him, Ameen.

  • Ahmad

    Maasha Allah. Jazakallahu khair for this piece. What a strong display of imaan. I pray Allah (SWT) increase my imaan and those reading this piece. Someone say ameen, please.

  • Syed Firasath Ahmed

    Assalamualaikum to all

    MashaAllah very good article to Boost our Emaan.the life of Companions of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) was Remarkable, sets us footsteps to learn from it.There life is source for Inspiration and motivation..

  • Muhammad

    What can I say on your day
    When every day is your day ?
    O Muhammad ! O Taha ! O shafi’na on the Last Day !
    From the day you stood to say :
    O Man ! I’m but a man
    Sent to save you, sent to tell you
    The way that’ll lead you away
    From the one who led you astray
    To the One Who made you ’n the best way
    And gave you beauty and bounty in every way
    And will yet give you joy where you’ll stay
    For ever and ever, as you say !
    From that day,
    O Muhammad ! O Taha ! O shafi’na on the Last Day !
    Men came to you on foot and horseback ;
    They said as you said
    And prayed as you prayed
    And when attacked, they fought back.
    You lived in a shack
    While your beauty was brighter than the moon ;
    You ate with your hands
    While one with your beauty would use a gold spoon ;
    You sat on the sands
    While one with your glory
    Would build himself storey upon storey :
    And that’s why your story
    Has gone as far as Brunei and Zinjibar
    And London and New York
    Where people eat with a knife and fork,
    They too say as you said
    And pray as you prayed
    And when wrongly questioned, they answer back.
    O Muhammad ! O Taha ! O shafi’na on the Last Day !
    What can I say on your day
    When every day is your day ?
    From just a few those who came to you
    Filled every hill, swamped every dale,
    They made Time stand still till their tale
    Made the mightiest kingdoms frail
    And brought the Muslim flag as close as Prague !
    The Arabian Nights tells of made-up knights
    And of Harun al-Rasheed
    Whose life the Truth of your Message
    Made eed upon eed !
    And yet someone came to draw
    A pic of a man whose peer he never saw,
    And papers and commentators
    Seeking cheap money and fake glory
    Made every story
    Out of the Story of the man whose glory
    Defies all Posts and all Tribunes and all Times !
    O Muhammad ! O Taha ! O shafi’na on the Last Day !
    What can I say on your day
    When every day is your day ?
    When your name has brought fame
    To a Dane who became insane ?
    What can I say on your day
    When night and day
    Souls repeat your words
    As if they were songs of jungle birds !
    Peace be upon you and all those who followed your way !
    O Muhammad ! O Taha ! O shafi’na on the Last Day !

    ******************************************************************
    Labbayk

    Wake up and stay awake
    -O Heart- and say Labbayk
    Say: Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk
    Say it with every seed and grain
    Say it with every drop of rain
    Say it and say it again and again
    Say it with the stars in the skies
    Say it with the light in your eyes
    Say: Labbayk O Lord, O Wise!
    Say it and let your tears,
    Let them translate your hidden fears—
    For only Allah hears
    All that are on earth and in the skies.
    Say Labbayk to Him Alone
    Whose boundless mercy shone
    Even in the heart of him
    Who once worshipped a stone,
    But then heard Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk
    And his heart shook as with earthquake
    And said: Yes, I made a mistake;
    But now I say Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk!

    ******************************************************
    Cheer up!

    What’s wrong with your tongue?
    Can’t you say Subhanallah?
    Can’t you say Ma Sha Allah?
    Shake off that gloom!
    And let your face bloom!
    Or did your team go down in esteem
    By losing Three-Nil to Brazil?
    Or did you lose your job?
    Oh, no, don’t be a snob!
    Don’t ape those in good shape!
    Say Subhanallah! Say Ma Sha Allah!
    And pray and pray to Allah
    Till hope comes your way,
    Ray by ray!
    No, don’t think of Tsunami!
    Think of the beaches of Miami!
    Think of Amazon flowers!
    Think of New York towers!
    Don’t think of King Lear or even Shakespeare!
    But think of Allah and you’ll steer
    Right for the Light of Faith –
    The Faith that’ll give you powers
    And blessings in showers,
    And your face will excel all flowers
    In beauty and freshness!
    Blessed be Allah! And Allah bless you,
    For your goodness!

  • A.K.M.Fazlul Karim

    Jazakallahu Khair,This article will inspire all the muslims who has iman to follow the right path of islam and get rahmat from the Almighty Omnipotent Allah.

    F.Karim

  • this is a wonderful website where u get a strong islAMIC belief

  • Azeez Ahamed

    Assalam alaikum first thanks Allaah for giving us such a beautiful and peace loving religion ISLAM- The Solution for Humanity:-). And Alhamdulillaah we came to know bout Principles of Islam and the Greatest Human ever in mankind our Beloved Prophet Mohammed Sallallahu Alahi Wa Sallam:-). InshaaAllaah Allaah bless all of us and guide us the Straight Path:-). Ameen:-). Jazakh Allaahu khairen:-).

  • Sharaaz

    Masha Allah !

    May Allah swt bles prophet muhammad saw , Aisha and Abu bakr and family companion and childrens.

    May we strive to be like them.

    Ameen.

  • Allahu Akbar!!!! May ALLAH let us be like Abubakar RAA.

  • Ayisha

    Masha Allah!

    Great Article, which makes our each cells stands before Abu Bakr (RA) in respect. May Allah subahanahuwatalah accept our repentence and increase our patience and ability to do good deeds and direct us firmly always on straight path.

    Ameen

  • Thanks iqrasense.com may Allah reward you all and please I will like you to open a web site for questions if possible because you clearified complications.thanks

  • reshma sayed

    alhamdu lillah. Maashallah.
    May Allah strengthen our iman to that of the greatest companion Abubakar Sadeeq.

  • Mustapha Zubairu

    Maashallah

  • Allahu Akbar.What a pious man was Abu Bakr RAA.May Allah guide us to follow his footsteps to some extent.Thanks.

  • Hamzah Abdulwasi

    A GREAT man who helped the cause of Islam. May Almighty Allah bless his soul. Amin. May Allah guide us tru.

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