The Importance of Knowing Allah’s Names and Attributes

 

This article briefly discusses the importance of knowing Allah’s names, calling upon Allah by those names, and includes the discussion of the number of Allah’s names.

Allah One

Knowledge of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah

Every Muslim who seeks knowledge about Allah and to increase his love about Allah can do so by learning more about His names and attributes. By learning more about Allah and about His essence, one can appreciate His power over all things, and can make one sincere toward Him and increase in taqwa (piety). Knowing more about Allah will also not only make us more sincere toward Him but will make us fear Him more and as a result drive us to follow His commands.

Shaykh Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Saadi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Believing in and knowing the Most Beautiful Names of Allah includes the three types of Tawheed:

  1. Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah (Unity of Divine Lordship),
  2. Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah (Unity of the Divine Nature) and
  3. Tawheed al-Asma’ wa’l-Sifaat (Unity of the Divine Names and Attributes).

These three types of Tawheed form the essence and joy of faith (the word translated here as “joy” implies peace and relief from stress), and this knowledge is the basis and purpose of faith. The more a person learns about the Names and Attributes of Allah, the more his faith increases and the stronger his conviction becomes.” (Al-Tawdeeh wa’l-Bayaan li Shajarat al-Eemaan by al-Sa’di, p. 41).

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Knowledge of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah is the basis of all other kinds of knowledge, for the objects of all these other branches of knowledge were either created or commanded by Him (the various branches of knowledge either deal with objects created by Him or with the laws and guidance revealed by Him). The reason for creation and guidance is found in His Most Beautiful Names (because He is the Creator, He creates things; because He is the Guide to the Straight Path, He reveals guidance, and so on)… Knowing the Most Beautiful Names is the basis of all objects of knowledge, because all knowledge stems from these Names…” (Bada’i’ al-Fawaa’id by Ibn al-Qayyim, 1/163).

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About the Number of Allah’s Names

All the number of Allah’s names are not known. This is evidenced by simply pondering over the translation of one of the dua’s that is often recited. The dua is mentioned in a sahih hadith reported by Imaam Ahmad (3582), which says that the prophet said that “there is no one among you who, when he is stricken with distress and grief, says [the dua is mentioned below] but Allah will remove his distress and his grief, and will give him joy instead…”

Here is that dua:

Allah names number meaning

“O Allah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave and son of Your maid servant, my forelock is in Your hand. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You named Yourself with, or You taught to any of Your creation, or revealed in Your Book, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Quran the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety]” (Dua reported by Imaam Ahmad, 3582; it is a saheeh hadeeth).

The number ninety nine is based on the hadith that says, “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them will enter Paradise.” (Reported by Al-Bukhaari (2736) and Muslim (2677)). However, many scholars agree that this hadith simply means that learning the 99 names doesn’t mean that all names total to ninety nine. Here are some of what the scholars have said about the issue:

  • Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) stated in Sharh Saheeh Muslim: “The scholars are unanimously agreed that this hadeeth does not mean that Allah has only ninety-nine names, or that He does not have any other names apart from these ninety-nine. Rather what the hadeeth means is that whoever learns these ninety-nine will enter Paradise. The point is that one may enter Paradise by learning them, not that the number is limited to these names.”
  • Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked about that and replied: “The names of Allah are not limited to a certain number. The evidence for that is [in the dua mentioned above]. [The hadith that mentions the number ninety nine] does not mean that He does not have any names apart from these, rather it means that whoever learns these ninety-nine of His names will enter Paradise. This is like when the Arabs say: ‘I have one hundred horses which I have prepared for a [battle],” which does not mean that the speaker has only these hundred horses, rather these hundred are prepared for this purpose. (Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/122.)
  • Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] said concerning this hadeeth in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (6/374):  “This (the dua in the hadith above) indicates that Allah has more than ninety-nine names.”
  • Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “The beautiful names of Allah are not limited and are innumerable… [Based on what’s mentioned in the dua above, this means that] His names may be divided into three types:

    (i) Those by which he called Himself and taught them to whomever He willed of His Angels or others, but He did not reveal them in His Book.
    (ii) Those that He revealed in His Book and taught them to His slaves.
    (iii) Those that He kept to Himself in the knowledge of the unseen, so none of His creation knows them. Hence the du‘aa’ says: “You have preserved” i.e., only You know them; it does not mean that He is the only one who is called by them, because the names that are proven to be only for Him include names that Allah revealed in His Book. (Source: Badaa’i‘ al-Fawaa’id, 1/174-176)

    subhan Allah

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Calling upon Allah (Making Dua) using His names

Allah commands the believers in the Quran to call upon Him using His names (that we know). The verse states:

Alalh names verse

“And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them…” [Surah al-Aaraaf 7:180]

Reference: islamqa.info

Click here for Popular Duas from Quran and Hadith

Allah’s Names

Here are Allah’s names from the Quran.

Ad-Dayyan – The Supreme Judge

Allah's names - Ad-Dayyan

Adh-Dhaahir, Al-Baatin – the Outward, the Inward

Allah's names - Adh-Dhaahir, Al-Baatin

Al-‘Adheem – The Tremendous, the Supreme in Glory

Allah's names - Al-'Adheem

Al-‘Afuww – The Ever-Pardoning

Allah's names - Al-'Afuww

Al-‘Aleem, Al-‘Aalim, ‘Allaam-ul-Ghuyoob – The All-Knowing, the Omniscient, the Knower of the Unseen

Allah's names - Al-'Aleem, Al-'Aalim, 'Allaam-ul-Ghuyoob

Al-‘Aliyy, Al-A’laa, Al-Muta’aal – The High, the Most High, the Exalted

Allah's names - Al-'Aliyy, Al-A'laa, Al-Muta'aal

Al-Awwal, Al-Aakhir – The First, the Last

Allah's names - Al-Awwal, Al-Aakhir

Al-‘Azeez – The All-Mighty

Allah's names - Al-'Azeez

Al-Baari’ – The Originator
Allah's names - Al-Baari'

Al-Barr – The Source of All GoodnessAllah's names - Al-Barr

Al-Baseer – The All-Seeing

Allah's names - Al-Baseer

Al-Fattaah – The Superb Arbiter, the Opener

Allah's names - Al-Fattaah

Al-Ghafoor, Al-Ghaffaar, Ghaafir-udh-Dhanb – The Ever Forgiving, the Most Forgiving, the Forgiver of Sins

Allah's names - Al-Ghafoor, Al-Ghaffaar, Ghaafir-udh-Dhanb

Al-Ghaniyy – The Self-Sufficient

Allah's names - Al-Ghaniyy

Al-Haadee – The Guide

Allah's names - Al-Haadee

Al-Haafidh, Al-Hafeedh – The Protector, the Guardian

Allah's names - Al-Haafidh, Al-Hafeedh

Al-Hakam, Khayr-ul-Haakimeen – The Judge, the Best of Judges

Allah's names - Al-Hakam, Khayr-ul-Haakimeen

Al-Hakeem – The All-Wise

Allah's names - Al-Hakeem

Al-Haleem – The All-Forbearing

Allah's names - Al-Haleem

Al-Hameed – The Praiseworthy

Allah's names - Al-Hameed

Al-Haqq – The Truth

Allah's names - Al-Haqq

Al-Haseeb – The Reckoner

Allah's names - Al-Haseeb

Al-Hayiyy – The All-Modest

Allah's names - Al-Hayiyy

Al-Hayy – The Ever-Living

Allah's names - Al-Hayy

Al-Jabbaar – The Compeller

Allah's names - Al-Jabbaar

Al-Jameel – The Beautiful

Allah's names - Al-Jameel

Al-Jawwaad – The Most Generous

Allah's names - Al-Jawwaad

Al-Kaafee – The All-Sufficient

Allah's names - Al-Kaafee

Al-Kabeer – The Most Great

Allah's names - Al-Kabeer

Al-Kareem, Al-Akram – The Most Gracious, the Most Bountiful

Allah's names - Al-Kareem, Al-Akram

Al-Khaaliq, Al-Khallaaq – The Creator, the All-Creator

Allah's names - Al-Khaaliq, Al-Khallaaq

Al-Khabeer – The All-Aware

Allah's names - Al-Khabeer

Allah – Glorified and Exalted Be He

Allah's names - Allah

Al-Lateef – The All-Subtle

Allah's names - Al-Lateef

Al-Majeed – The All-Glorious

Allah's names - Al-Majeed

Al-Malik, Al-Maleek, Al-Maalik – The Sovereign, the King, the Possessor

Allah's names - Al-Malik, Al-Maleek, Al-Maalik

Al-Mannaan – The Bestower

Allah's names - Al-Mannaan

Al-Mateen – The Powerful

Allah's names - Al-Mateen

Al-Mubeen – The Evident

Allah's names - Al-Mubeen

Al-Muhaymin – The Ever Watchful

Allah's names - Al-Muhaymin

Al-Muheet – The All-Encompassing

Allah's names - Al-Muheet

Al-Muhsin – The Benefactor, the Doer of Good

Allah's names - Al-Muhsin

Al-Mujeeb – The Ever Responsive

Allah's names - Al-Mujeeb

Al-Mu’min – The Granter of Security

Allah's names - Al-Mu'min

Al-Muqaddim, Al-Mu’akh-khir – The Advancer, the Delayer

Allah's names - Al-Muqaddim, Al-Mu'akh-khir

Al-Muqeet – The Maintainer, the One who has Power over Everything

Allah's names - Al-Muqeet

Al-Musawwir – The Fashioner

Allah's names - Al-Musawwir

Al-Mutakabbir – The Supremely Proud

Allah's names - Al-Mutakabbir

Al-Mutee – The Giver

Allah's names - Al-Mu'tee

Al-Qaabidh, Al-Baasit – The Withholder, the Expander

Allah's names - Al-Qaabidh, Al-Baasit

Al-Qaadir, Al-Qadeer, Al-Muqtadir – The Able, the Ever Able, the Perfect in Ability

Allah's names - Al-Qaadir, Al-Qadeer, Al-Muqtadir

Al-Qaahir, Al-Qahhaar – The All-Dominant, the Irresistible

Allah's names - Al-Qaahir, Al-Qahhaar

Al-Qareeb – The One Who is Ever Near

Allah's names - Al-Qareeb

Al-Qawiyy – The All-Strong

Allah's names - Al-Qawiyy

Al-Qayoom – The All-Sustainer

Allah's names - Al-Qayoom

Al-Quddoos – The Holy

Allah's names - Al-Quddoos

Al-Waahid, Al-Ahad – The Only One, the One and Only

Allah's names - Al-Waahid, Al-Ahad

Al-Waarith – The Inheritor

Allah's names - Al-Waarith

Al-Waasi’ – The Boundless, the All-Embracing

Allah's names - Al-Waasi'

Al-Wadood – The Most Loving

Allah's names - Al-Wadood

Al-Waqeel, Al-Kafeel – The Disposer of Affairs, the Guarantor

Allah's names - Al-Waqeel, Al-Kafeel

Al-Witr – The One Who Has No Equal

Allah's names - Al-Witr

An-Naseer, Khayr-un-Naasireen – The Helper, the Best of Helpers

Allah's names - An-Naseer, Khayr-un-Naasireen

Ar-Raaziq, Ar-Razzaaq – The Provider, the Sustainer

Allah's names - Ar-Raaziq, Ar-Razzaaq

Ar-Rabb – The Lord

Allah's names - Ar-Rabb

Ar-Rafeeq – The Most Gentle

Allah's names - Ar-Rafeeq

Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem – the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Allah's names - Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem

Al-Wahhaab – The Ever Giving

Allah's names - Al-Wahhaab

Al-Waliyy, Al-Mawlaa – The Protector, the Guardian

Allah's names - Al-Waliyy, Al-Mawlaa

Ar-Ra’oof – The Most Compassionate

Allah's names - Ar-Ra'oof

Ar-Raqeeb – The Ever Watchful

Allah's names - Ar-Raqeeb

Ash-Shaafee – The Curer

Allah's names - Ash-Shaafee

Ash-Shaakir, Ash-Shakoor – The Thankful, the Grateful

Allah's names - Ash-Shaakir, Ash-Shakoor

Ash-Shaheed – The Witness

Allah's names - Ash-Shaheed

As-Salaam – The Flawless, the Source of Peace

Allah's names - As-Salaam

As-Samad – The Eternal One

Allah's names - As-Samad

As-Samee’ – The All-Hearing

Allah's names - As-Samee'

As-Sayyid – The Master

Allah's names - As-Sayyid

As-Sitteer – The Concealer of Sins

Allah's names - As-Sitteer

As-Subbooh – The Supremely Glorified

Allah's names - As-Subbooh

At-Tawwaab – The Acceptor of Repentance

Allah's names - At-Tawwaab

At-Tayyib – The Good and Pure One

Allah's names - At-Tayyib

 

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— End

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3 comments… add one
  • Shirin

    Jazak Allah khair for the informative article regarding Allah’s Names.
    May Allah bless the team of Iqrasense. Ameen.

  • Alveera

    ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM
    JAZAK ALLAH KHAIRAN!Thanks a lot!Really your articles are worthy of reading and praise.When a person memorize these names and call them,one feels complete guidance and protection from ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA Who is the Creator of the heavens and the world. May ALLAH SUBHANO WATA AALA include each one of us and our family members among MUQARRABEEN Aameen.
    ASSALAAMU ALAIKUM

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