islamic topics

Allah’s Absoluteness and Understanding Allah’s Attributes

Islam doesn’t support the notion (as in other religions) that “human beings are created in God’s image.” Allah (SWT), God, has attributes which belong to Him alone, such as Him being the Creator, the Provider, the One God, etc.  These are characteristics which a created being cannot acquire.

Allah’s perfect attributes that exist in Him include al-Qaadir (the All-Powerful), al-‘Aleem (the All-Knowing), al-Hakeem (the Most Wise), al-Samee’ (the All-Hearing), al-Baseer (the All-Seeing). As Muslims, we must believe in all the attributes that have been narrated from Allah or from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in a manner that befits Allah, whilst also believing that He does not resemble any of His creation in any of His attributes, just as He does not resemble them in His Essence. In Surah Al-Ikhlas (Absoluteness), Allah says:

“Say (O Muhammad): He is Allah, (the) One.

Allaah-us-Samad [Allah — the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)].

He begets not, nor was He begotten.

And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.””

Disbelievers can’t hide their plans from Allah – Surah Hud Verse 5 Quran

In another chapter, Allah says in the Quran,

“There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer” [al-Shoora 42:11]

Man is encouraged to strive to acquire the characteristics implied by some of the attributes and names of Allah (God) which Allah likes His slaves to acquire, such as knowledge, strength, mercy, forbearance, generosity and forgiveness, etc. For example, Allah is All-Knowing and loves those who are knowledgeable; He is Strong and He loves the strong believer more than He loves the weak believer; He is Generous and loves those who are generous; He is Merciful and He loves those who show mercy; He is Forgiving and loves forgiveness, etc. But when applied to Allah, these attributes are perfect and greater than when applied to any created being, because there is nothing like unto Allah in His attributes and actions, just as there is nothing like unto Allah in His Essence. Rather it is sufficient for a person to have a share in the sense of these attributes, in a manner that suits him and within the limits set by Islamic law.

The great scholar Ibn al-Qayyim in his books ‘Uddat al-Saabireen and al-Waabil al-Sayyib, said:

“Because Allah is indeed the Appreciative (al-Shukoor), the most beloved of His creation to Him are those who have the characteristic of gratitude (al-shukr), just as the most hated of His creation to Him are those who are lacking in this characteristic or who have the opposite characteristic. This applies to His Beautiful names: the most beloved of His creation to Him are those who have the characteristics implied by His names, and the most hated of His creation to Him are those who have the opposite characteristics. Hence He hates those who are ungrateful, those who do wrong, those who are ignorant, hard-hearted, miserly, cowardly and ignoble. He is Beautiful and loves beauty; He is All-Knowing and loves those who have knowledge; He is Merciful and loves those who show mercy; He does good and loves those who do good; He is the Concealer and loves those who conceal; He is Powerful and condemns those who act helpless, and the strong believer is more beloved to Him than the weak believer; He is forgiving and loves forgiveness; He is One and He loves that which is odd-numbered; everything that He loves is connected to His names and attributes; and everything that He hates is the opposite of that.” (p. 310)

References: islam-qa.com, Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz

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38 comments… add one
  • Abdul Nasir

    This is really informative and eye opening article on Attributes of Allah and what does it mean and how it should be conceived.
    thanks for all this…

  • Neha

    This was an awesome article. I’m definitely going to try to better myself

  • Fareed

    A very useful and informative piece. Jazakallah

  • Muhammad Ahmad

    Whatever comes in our mind , comes from this material world .And Satan some times try to create image of Allah but that image could be the Satan but surely Not Allah because

    1. “There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer” [al-Shoora 42:11]

    2. Creation can not be the Creator.

  • aisha

    mashallah every word just touches your soul… Also very usuful information jazakallah u kheir..may u b blessd

  • amal

    This is really powerful article, not only are we going to learn something true about Allah, but others can get benefit from reading it. “Alllah is beautiful and loves beuty”. Beauty can be all, to be grateful is beautiful, love others by the sake of Allah is beauty, and to love what Allah loves is beauty. Allah has give us everything that can make us beauty, i Hope that we will realize, Allah forgive my parents, me and my umah, may Allah bless us and grant us to janah Amiin.

  • Noureena

    Thank You for sharing. I will try to better myself after what I have read and understood In Sha Allah.

  • Aisha

    Mashallah insightful and knowledgeable

  • Amal

    Thank you for the wonderful article. We all need to be reminded each and everyday how lucky we are and thank Allah for everything. Jazakum Allah Kheir!

  • Aisha

    This piece has given me a new zeal to do more

  • Thanks for such a beautiful article, and re-boosting my believe in the Almighty. I read this article aloud, so that my other fellow family members hear, thank you so much that you made us say the word “Allah” more than the usual days, and also reminding us once again his power, his love, his mercy and that we owe him as he own us.
    May Allah love you more and forgive me.

  • Masood

    SubhanAllah This is truely beautiful.

  • Anonymous

    Thank you for the wonderful article.
    Allah is only the one.

  • Tahir

    Salam, thanks for the article.It’s quite insightful and informative.

  • Aaminah

    Asalaam-Alaikum wo Rahmatullah, thanks for this article i will share it with my friends, who belong to different faiths. Each time we read such articles our belief in Allah gets stronger. Insha Allah we shall follow the Quran and try to imbibe the qualities that are dear to Allah. I am exetremely grateful Allah for all his bounties and making me a Muslim, this is the greatest gift Allah has given me. Pl keep sending such good articles more often, I will appreciate thank u.

  • Ayub Tariq Mir

    MashaAllah the most knowledgeable article on your site.. jazakumUllahi khair

  • Abdul Aziz Jakhrani

    MASHALLAH. Really nice very nice.

  • Asmaa

    Maashaa allaah, jazaakumulaahu khayran it is wonderful article and may allaah SW guide us to adhere all these qualiteis inshaa allaah . allaahu alkbar.

  • Farhiya

    Salaam Aleykum, When i invoke dua using Allah’s names, all of them including others in between the quran that is hardly noticed, i get my duas accepted & inshallah i pray for peace for all my muslim brothers & sisters inshaAllah. Thanxs for the wonderful article.

  • Hamza Ibrahim

    This article is illuminating. We muslims should constantly strive to improve on ourselves by learning and internalising ALLAH’s Attributes in our life. Thank you for the write-up.

  • article is very nice, really gives lot of meaningful message…

  • Iffat

    MashaAllah beautiful article on Allah’s attributes. All theMuslims n specially youngsters need to adapt these qualities such as generosity, Forgiveness, Mercy, Goodness and many more.
    Stay Blessed. Ameen.

  • Reyaz

    Very Usefull Thanks

  • Anonymous

    this is beutiful mashalla as muslims we have to listen to every thing allah says to read quran and also follow his messengers and the message they have sent to us from allah.

  • Sana

    I feel glad to be a part of Iqrasense. This is yet another wonderfiul article. I pary Allah SWT that all of our muslim brothers and sisters should know what they ought to know and they should follow the same.

    Ameen Sumameen!

  • Dr. Lailun Nahar

    Mashaallah! A good reminder of my potential belief!

  • Arham

    wonderful article…

  • Maashaa allaah, Thanks for writing such a nice write-up. May Allah guide us to adhere all these qualities. Allah Hafez.

  • Jazakunmu Lahu Khaira.This is an article that every Muslim student especially those at secondary school must have.I think it is time you find a way by which something of this nature will get to every individual.

  • idris

    Allah will reward you abundantly and grant you aljanah firdaus. this is very simple and easy to understand article. i promise to share it with other muslims in our mosque. thanks

  • Anonymous

    ‘jazaakumul Lahu khairan’.

  • saida

    A very informative and knowledgeable article. It is also an
    eye opener for our muslim brothers and sisters.
    Thanks for publishing it…
    .

  • farah

    very meaningful article thank you.Allah guide right way for all of us.

  • Sheikh Mohammad Danish

    Dear all… Assalam Alyqum !!!
    I have gone through all the comments and found uncomfortable to read again and again the name of Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) interpreted as a GOD. Since the name of Allah the Almighty’s personal name can not be translated by the human being as for pronounce God instead fo Allah (Subhan-o-Tala). Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) name is distinguish which can be repeated uncounted time in a day to get reward from Allah (Subhan-o-Tala), rather than counting other name or names which did not introduce by Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) through Quran Hakeem. Whatever the features of the name of Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) had divined through his Messenger Mohammad ul Arabi Sallalla-o-Alyhaywasalam enough for us to pronounce His (Subhan-o-Tala) accordingly. No more or less we should forced to follow His (Subhan-o-Tala) Messenger Mohammad ul Arabi Sallalla-o-Alyhaywasalam decree.

    You can not call god, god, and god thousand times but can’t get any result out of it and you are committed deliberately felt in to sin. See God can be plural like Goddess, but Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) personal name can not be plural , it has to be a Single like he himself.

    There is no God, but ALLAH THE ALMIGHTY (SUBHAN-O-TALA).

    Hope you all understand this point. He (Subhan-o-Tala) has good names, call him upon those names, then you feel better and definitely you must get the reward from Allah (Subhan-o-Tala).

    Allah (Subhan-o-Tala) blesses to all Muslims and give us full understanding of Quran (Ameen).
    Regards,
    Maas-Salama

  • TUKUR BAWA

    honestly these is worth sharing to the entire muslims umma, may Almighty Allah reward those that create these article, with bountiice here and here after amin.

  • murtala n saad

    this is a great work may allah reward you

  • Alhamdulillah. One good word shared is sadaqa and that’s definitely one way to get closer to Allah. Allah’s blessing wth u always. Jazaka Allah.

  • Salam alaykum, Alhamdulilah, I have been follow your write up for the past many years which have impact in my life as Muslim, I wish i av enough to purchase your books will have be a great assets to me and my family. Please keep it up,‘jazaakumul Lahu khairan’. Ma salam

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