Dua that Saved Prophet Ibrahim from the Fire (and hardship)

When Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) was relaying Allah’s (God’s) message, he warned his people not to take idols made of wood and stones as their false gods. To make his point that these idols could not help them in anyway, one day while the people were attending a festival, he broke their idols. The Quran relays this story in the following verses:

“So he broke them to pieces, (all) except the biggest of them, that they might turn to it”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa 21:58]

Once the people returned from the festival, they saw the broken idols and they accused Prophet Ibrahim (of breaking them). He said to them:

“Nay, this one, the biggest of them (idols) did it. Ask them, if they can speak!”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa 21:63]

Because they knew that these idols could not speak, they said to Ibrahim:

“Indeed you [Ibrahim (Abraham)] know well that these (idols) speak not!”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa’ 21:65]

When they admitted that these idols could do nothing, Ibrahim said to them:

“Do you then worship (these idols) besides Allah, things that can neither profit you, nor harm you? Fie upon you, and upon that which you worship besides Allah! Have you then no sense?”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa’ 21:67]

When they had exhausted all lines of argument, they resorted to the use of force and said:

“Burn him and help your aalihah (gods), if you will be doing”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa’ 21:68]

They therefore decided to burn him in a great fire and called the masses to witness the event. Then they threw Ibrahim (peace be upon him) into that fire.

He said,

“Hasbi Allah wa ni’am al-wakeel (Allah is sufficient for me and He is the best Disposer of affairs).”

dua tough situations

So Allah saved him from it and made it coolness and safety for him, and foiled the plot of his enemies.

The Quran mentions this in the following verse:

“We (Allah) said: ‘O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibrahim (Abraham)!’
And they wanted to harm him, but We made them the worst losers”
[Surah al-Anbiyaa 21:69-70]


This Dua, therefore, can be recited in times of hardship and challenges. This Dua appears in the following verse of Surah Aal-e-Imran and was revealed on Prophet Muhammad (SAW) when his enemies had gathered around him. Abu Bakr Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wassallam was told on the day of Uhud, “Verily, the people have gathered against you, therefore, fear them.” Thereafter, Allah sent down this Ayah 3:173.





“Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: “Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).”

[Surah Aal-e-Imran 3:173]


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trust Allah


Benefits and Blessings of Performing Sujood or Sajdah (Prostration to Allah)

Prostration to Allah, referred to as Sajda (or Sujood) is an important part of a Muslim’s prayers. A Sajda to Allah reflects humility and Khushu that is in one’s heart. Both the Quran and Hadith have highlighted the numerous blessings associated with the act of Sajda (prostration). More importantly, Sajda provides the Muslim with an opportunity to get closer and nearer to his (or her) Creator and Lord.

Rabie bin Ka’b was one of the prominent companions of the Prophet (S). As is narrated in Sahih Muslim, he said that one night while he was with the Prophet (S), the Prophet (S) asked him to bring water for him. Rabie brought him some water and whatever else the Prophet (S) had asked to bring. On this, the Prophet (S) became pleased with him and offered Rabie to ask for anything that he liked. After contemplating the offer, Rabie told the Prophet (S) that he wanted the Prophet’s companionship in Jannah (Paradise). The Prophet became amazed at this and became silent, after which he asked Rabie again if he wanted anything else. Rabie responded by saying that that was all he wanted. On this the Prophet (S) advised him to devote himself to a lot of Sujood so that it may facilitate his path to Paradise to join the company of the Prophet (S).

This, therefore, is an indication to Muslims to stay steadfast on their obligatory prayers and increase their optional prayers (and hence the Sujood that are part of them.)

Many other hadith of the Prophet (S) also tell us of the benefits and blessings of performing Sujood. Here are some of them.

The prophet (S) reminded us that the slave of Allah is closest to Him when the person is in a state of Sujood. That, therefore, is an excellent opportunity to make a lot of Dua to Allah. According to the hadith, he said:

sajdah prostration Allah

“The nearest a salve of Allah is to his Rabb (Lord) is in the state of Sujood (Prostration) so increase the Dua (that you make to Allah).” (Sahih Muslim)


The Prophet (S) also reminded us that whoever humbles himself or herself in front of Allah, Allah will raise his status. The Prophet (S) said:

Allah gives respect

“Whoever humbles himself in front of Allah, He will raise him (in status and rewards).” (Sahih Muslim and Tabarani)



The Prophet (S) also said:


“Perform Sujood much because there is no Muslim that prostrates (perform Sajdah) to Allah except that Allah raises him one degree (in Jannah (Paradise) by it and forgives for him a sin.)” (Hadith by Ahmad)

Allah says in the Quran:

sujood Allah

Nay! (O Muhammad (S))! Do not obey him (referring to Abu Jahl). Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah! (Quran, Surah 96:19).

Another verse of the Quran says:



“… You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of prostration (during prayers)….” (Surah Al-Fath, 48:29)

Scholars such as Mujahid state that the mark refers to that of Khushoo (humility) rather than a physical mark. In this context, the Prophet (S) had said,

“My nation (ummah) on that day (the Judgement Day) will surely have bright faces because of sujood (that they would have performed), and bright arms and feet because of wudu (ablution).” (Hadith of Ahmad)

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When in Sujood (in a state of prayers), one should make a lot of Dua. However, making Sujood outside prayers solely for the sake of making a Dua is not recommended (Ref). This is because many hadith point to the Prophet’s actions (and encouragement) of raising ones hands when making Dua.

Outside the regular prayers, the Prophet’s hadith taught us to perform Sujood in the following states:

  • Sajdat Al-Tilawah (Sajdah during recitation) – This refers to the Sajdah that a person performs when reciting some special verses (as marked in the Quran).
  • Sajdat Al-Shukr (Prostration of Thankfulness) – This refers to the prostration when a person performs in gratitude and in thanking Allah. The Prophet (S) performed this Sajdah at numerous occasions when he received any good news. Similarly, the companions of the Prophet (S) did the same.

Also, according to hadith of the Prophet (S), one is not allowed to recite any part of the Quran in a state of Sujood. Rather, the prophet (S) encouraged the recitation of certain Azkar (mentioned below) and to strive in Dua. (Sahih Muslim 479). In another hadith in Sahih Muslim (480), Ali ibn Abi Talib mentioned that the Prophet forbade him to recite the Quran verses in a state of prostration. However, many scholars agree that it’s permissible to recite those verses of the Quran that have a Dua in them. So, the intent there is that of making a Dua and not reciting Quran (Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 6/443).


Supplications for Sujood

The following are the two prayers that one can say in a state of Sujood (prostration):

prostration to Allah

Allaahumma laka sajadtu wa bika aamantu wa laka aslamtu wa anta rabbi, sajada wajhi lilladhi khalaqahu wa sawwarahu wa shaqqa sam’ahu wa basarahu, tabaarak Allaahu ahsan al-khaaliqeen (O Allaah, unto You I have prostrated and in You I have believed, and unto You I have submitted and You are my Lord. My face has prostrated before Him Who created it and fashioned it, and brought forth its faculties of hearing and seeing by His Might and Power. Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators). ‘Jami’ al-Tirmidhi [Narrated by ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin Abi Salma b. ‘Ubaidulla]. Also, this was narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh, 1290

sujood azkar

Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa (Glory be to my Lord Most High)

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Islamic Beliefs on Afterlife: Questions asked after a person’s death

According to Islamic beliefs, a person will be held accountable for all his deeds after the person moves on to the next life. According to hadith, the following are first of the many questions that a person will be asked. LIFE-AFTER-death


First Stage of questioning (In the Grave)

A person’s first stage of reckoning will be in the grave where he will be asked three questions. Allah will help reinforce the person’s answers based on his deeds in this world. The three questions are the following:

  • Who was your Lord?
  • What is your religion?
  • Who is this man who was sent amongst you? (referring to Prophet Muhammad (S))

[Based on the hadith Narrated by al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him), which was narrated by Abu Dawood in his Sunan (4753) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2979.]

Second Stage of questioning (On the Day of Resurrection)

The second stage of the person’s reckoning will be on the Day of Resurrection when he will be brought to account for every major and minor action, even though he has already been brought to account for that in the grave. The first thing for which he will be brought to account for then will be his prayer.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first thing among their deeds for which the people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be prayer. Our Lord will say to His angels, although He knows best, ‘Look at My slave’s prayer, is it complete or lacking?’ If it is complete, it will be recorded as complete, but if it is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether my slave did any voluntary (naafil) prayers.’ If he had done voluntary prayers, He will say, ‘Complete the obligatory prayers of My slave from his voluntary prayers.’ Then the rest of his deeds will be examined in a similar manner.”
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 864; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 770).

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Ashura of Muharram – A Shia and Sunni Muslim Observance

10th of Muharram (the day of Ashura / Ashoora) is observed as an important day by both Sunni and Shia Muslims – however, for different reasons.

Most scholars believe that Ahsura is named as such because of “tenth” of Muharram (ten is translated as “Ashara” in the Arabic language)

Sunni Muslims look at Ashura as a day of “respect and gratitude” (for Prophet Moosa and his nation), while Shia Muslims believe that day to be a day of mourning and sorrow. The following is an explanation of the difference.

Sunni Muslims

Based on the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (saws), Sunni Muslims celebrate Ashura as the day when Prophet Moses (Moosa) fasted on that day because Allah saved the Israelites from their enemy in Egypt. One of the many Ahadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad) that attests to that is in Bukhari that states:

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1865) from Ibn ‘Abbaas, who said: The Prophet (saws) came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashoora. He said, “What is this?” They said, “This is a good day, this is the day when Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy and Moosa fasted on this day.” He (the Prophet Muhammad) said, “We are closer to Moosa (Prophet Moses) than you.”

So he (the Prophet Muhammad) fasted on this day and told the people to fast.

There are many other versions of this Hadith in the books of “Muslim” and “Bukhari”.

According to a version narrated by Muslim,

This is a great day when Allah saved Moosa (Moses) and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people.”

Sunni Muslims celebrate Ashura by fasting on that day. Usually, Sunni Muslims are recommended to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram.

Al-Shaafa’i and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said: It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth. Based on this, there are different ways of fasting ‘Ashoora’, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better. (islamqa.info)

In Jewish tradition, this festival is celebrated as the Passover, which is their way to commemorate their liberation over 3,300 years ago by God from slavery in ancient Egypt that was ruled by the Pharaohs, and their freedom under the leadership of Prophet Moses. It commemorates the story of the Exodus as described in the Hebrew Bible especially in the Book of Exodus, in which the Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt.

Other Ahadith on the subject are the following:

The prophet observed the fast on Ashuraa (the 10th of Muharram), and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that day. (Agreed upon Hadith i.e. Bukhari & Muslim).

Narrated by Abi Katada: The prophet was asked about fasting on ‘Ashuraa’ (the 10th of Muharram), he said: “it expiates the previous year (for sins).” (Sahih Muslim)

It was proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that the best fasting after Ramadan is fasting in the month of Muharram. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Allah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” Narrated by Muslim, 1163.

Shia Muslims Observance

Shia Muslims observance of Ashura is different altogether. They observe Ashura as the day of martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala. Shia Muslims, therefore, consider this a day of sorrow and observe it as such by refraining from music, listening to sorrowful poetic recitations, wearing mourning attire, and refraining from all joyous events (e.g. weddings) that in anyway distract them from the sorrowful remembrance of that day.

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About the month of Muharram (Sacred Islamic Month)

The month of Muharram is the first month of the Arabic year, and it is one of the four sacred months of Allah. Allah says in the Quran:

muharram ashura fasting

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar)….” [Quran, Surah Al-Tawbah 9:36]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The division of time has turned to its original form which was current the day Allah created the heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’baan.” [Hadith mentioned in al-Bukhaari (3167) and Muslim (1679) as narrated from Abu Bakrah (may Allah be pleased with him)]


The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Allah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” Narrated by Muslim, 1163.

It was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not fast any month in full apart from Ramadan, so this hadith is to be understood as meaning that it is it is encouraged to fast a lot in the month of Muharram, not to fast the whole month.

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